Wild Fennel Of Calabria



The expression in Calabrian dialect to designate wild fennel, growing in the meadows and on the sweet hills of the region, is “Finocchiu i Timpa” (literally “Fennel of mountain peak”). The word “timpa” means, indeed, round mountain peak with cliff walls.
The Plant, originating from the Mediterranean regions with gravelly soils, is a perennial herb with a sweet and intense aroma!

Shoots and seeds

Since ancient times it has been used as a food and medicinal plant for its digestive, reconstituting and aromatic properties. The parts used are the new shoots and the seeds.
The new shoots are used for the preparation of soups; the raw seeds for flavoring sausages and vegetables in general and for preparing a stimulating and digestive liqueur.

High Concentration of Anethole

In the seeds, in fact, the highest concentration of anethole, aromatic compound, of which the whole plant is rich, is contained.


It seems that in ancient Rome the fennel was used to cover the bad smells and tastes of not very fresh foods and that from this cooking trick the term «infinocchiare» was born, that is to deceive, cheat.


Further, the plant was well known and appreciated by the Greeks and widespread also in the East. These ancient peoples considered it a very precious plant for its thousand uses.

Very used in herbal medicine


In Calabria properties of fennel have been known for millennia and it is still widely used both in the kitchen and in phytotherapy, the greatest use is in the kitchen for drinks, teas and the “rosolio” (a liqueur).
Various decoctions aromatize the cured meats the first courses and the meats in general.

A bunch of fennel

This demonstrates that this humble plant, to the reach of everybody, In short is one of the many gifts of this beautiful region, Calabria.

The Wild Origan of Calabria



Origan, an aromatic plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family, is very common in the Mediterranean basin. It seems that there are more than 50 species, but the most sought after and used in the culinary field is the wild oregano that grows spontaneously under the Calabria sun, nearby the plateau of Mount Poro, a splendid place near to the major touristic attractions of Calabria: Capo Vatican and Tropea.

Sight of Mount Poro

The word origan comes from the Greek “oros”, which means mountain and “ganos” which means splendor. Its meaning is, therefore, “mountain splendor”, and these two adjectives and qualities has been attributed to the plant for its grace and abundance of its flowers.

Fields near Tropea are full of Origan

Origan is widely used in typical Calabrian recipes and is omnipresent in the cuisine like the Tropea onion inside tomato salads,  which in summer are both one of the most common side dishes on Calabrian tables.

Sight of Tropea

Origan is an aromatic plant very common in the Mediterranean basin. It seems that harvest for culinary aims began spontaneously since times of so called Magna Graecia under the Calabria sun, nearby the plateau of Mount Poro. Now, it is easy buying Origan in bunches in little shops in the major touristic attractions of Calabria: Capo Vatican and Tropea.

Leafs of Origan

The origan comes from the mountains as the Greek “oros” tells. The plant is a sort of decoration for the mountain, this explains the term “ganos” (inside the name) which means splendor. Its meaning, “mountain splendor” recalls the grace and abundance of its flower heads.

A Bunch of Origan

Origan is omnipresent in typical Calabrian recipes, side dishes and sauces of Calabrian cuisine.


In Calabria, origan is harvested mainly in June, when the plant flourishes. The typical Calabrian use requires drying immediately after harvest: after having formed some nice bunches, the herb should be dried upside down in a dry place away from the sun and stored in paper bags.

Splendid Leafs

Unlike all other aromatic plants, origan is the only one to reach its maximum fragrance after drying.

Abundantly used in aromatherapy, its infusions are an excellent remedy for coughs and digestive disorders.

Sight of Capo Vaticano