The climate of Calabria

L’ultima acqua di cui abbiamo parlato, è tanto abbondante che, se non fosse per il diniego della terra, potremmo credere che la nube della Grande Maestà permanga con noi in terra. Ma quando lo ringraziamo di questo grande bene, rispondendo con opere secondo le nostre forze, il Signore si impossessa dell’anima, nello stesso modo in cui le nubi si impossessano dell’umidità della terra, prendendola tutta con sè (ho sentito dire che le nubi o il sole fanno così). La nube sale al cielo...”

[S. Teresa D’Avila, La vita, Italian version]

9.9.2022

SUN ALL YEAR ROUND

Calabria is one of the sunniest regions in Europe. With 320 days of sunshine a year you will find a Mediterranean to subtropical climate, characterized by low rainfall, warm temperatures and mild winters. At the regional level, however, the climatic conditions are very different. In the Ionian Sea it is very hot and dry in the summer months, even at night it is usually not cooler than 20 degrees Celsius.

Green Meadows in Calabria

On average, in the region there are around 2,470 hours of sunshine per year.
The sea temperature fluctuates between 14 ° C and 25 ° C. The sea is warm enough for swimming from July to September.

In Reggio Calabria, on the west coast of Calabria, temperatures exceed 20 degrees in April and reach their annual peak of over 30 degrees in July and August. Precipitation here often goes towards zero. In October, temperatures drop to around 23 degrees Celsius, while rainfall increases significantly over the same period. By the end of the year, it can reach up to 72 millimeters.

Clouds and low rainfall

MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE

The climate of Calabria is generally Mediterranean, with the Ionian coast being drier and more arid than the Tyrrhenian.

Temperatures along the coasts generally never drop below 10 degrees and never rise above 40 ° C, but in inland areas in the summer months can have peaks of 42-44 ° C.

On the Apennines and inland areas, from Pollino, Sila to Aspromonte, the climate is cold continental with rigid and snowy winters. Summer is mild and there is no shortage of thunderstorms.

Pollino park and Bosnian pines

The daily temperature range, in winter, in the Crati valley is interesting, where abundant snowfalls can occur even at lowland altitudes.

As expected, the different climatic conditions of Calabria also favor a different vegetation, according to the areas.

AN EXTRAORDINARY VARIETY OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS

From sea level up to 600 meters, olive trees, holm oaks and other plants typical of the Mediterranean climate (Mediterranean scrub) predominate.

Village in the Crati Valley

From 700 meters up to 1000 meters (plain of the low Apennine mountains), on the other hand, a typical vegetation known as transitional, such as chestnut and oak trees, grows.

From 1000 meters up (mountain level) dominate beech, silver fir and larch pine. On the Calabrian Serre the mountain plain begins, in some points, even at 800 meters.

Famous is “Bosnian pine” (Pinus heldreichii), symbol of the Pollino National Park: it lives only here, while outside Italy it can be found in the Balkans.

Cloudy weather in the Sila plateau

SUMMERS AND WINTERS

Very rarely, especially in the high areas of the cities, snowfalls can occur. However, snow is very rare, even rarer than in Messina, which is more exposed to winds from the north-east. A light snowfall, in which the beaches also turned white, occurred on December 31, 2014.

In the thick of the vegetation of the Serre


The cold record is 0 ° C, recorded in December 1961, February 1962, February 1973, January 1979 and March 1987.

Summer, from June to August, is hot and sunny, with very rare rains.
It is true that many Calabrian cities are located on the coast, but the region is closed between the two sides of the Strait, so there can be hot and muggy periods, especially from late July to late August, when the sea is warmer.

Cloudy Foehn wind on the Valley


Furthermore, it is possible that heat waves of African origin may occur: in these cases they can touch or exceed 40 ° C, also due to a Foehn wind coming down from the mountains. For this, Reggio Calabria is one of the hottest cities in Italy.
The temperature reached 44 ° C in July 1998, 42 ° C in August 1994 (when the daily average for the whole month was 30.1 ° C), and 42 ° C in July 2007. In 2003 the temperature reached ” only “at 41 ° C, but the daily average exceeded 30 ° C in both July and August.

Calabria, Land of Seafarers, Poets and Travelers

22.06.2022

MUSIC, ART, NOVELS

How can we forget Nicola Antonio Manfroce, who wrote music for Napoleon, or the legendary Rino Gaetano, from Crotone; or writers ranging from Leontius Pilatus in the 14th century to award-winning novelist Arbëreshë Carmine Abate.

OTHER VOCATIONS

Calabria had even popes, not just pop singers, and even philosophers … The list is too long to draw up.

For example, the journalist Walter Pedullà, president of RAI in Rome in the 90s, was born in Siderno.

Today Grand-Tour (?)

Calabria was also crossed by the Grand-Tour of eighteenth-century and nineteenth-century (of the noble scions of Europe, in search of experience and culture). Many illustrious foreign travelers have explored Calabria over the centuries: the Edward Lear museum in Gerace exhibits some of the drawings that the English artist and writer made during his visit in 1847.

Even in the 1900s, there were important travelers. In his book Old Calabria, Norman Douglas described how the scourge of malaria shaped the region socially and geographically in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Alexandre Dumas

Other well-known travelers are George Gissing, Alexandre Dumas, Stendhal and the Swiss journalist Joseph Viktor Widmann. Many others have told of their adventures – despite the judgment of a French writer in 1806 that “Europe ends in Naples … all the rest is Africa”.

VERY IMPORTANT PEOPLE BORN IN CALABRIA

They were born in Calabria

– the virologist Renato Dulbecco (born in Catanzaro, February 22, 1914 and died in La Jolla, February 19, 2012) who won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1975.

Land full of History

– the designer Gianni Versace, born in Reggio Calabria on 2 December 1946 and murdered in Miami on 15 July 1997.

– the singers Rino Gaetano (Crotone 1950 – Rome 1981, already mentioned), Mia Martini (1947-1995) and her younger sister Loredana Berté born in Bagnara Calabra.

Tommaso Campanella

Tommaso Campanella was very important in the history of philosophy and thought, born on 5 September 1568 in Stilo (in the province of Reggio Calabria). Dominican friar, philosopher and theologian, underwent five trials and tortures by the Inquisition for his ideas. He spent 27 years in prison, managed to escape to Paris in 1634 and died here 5 years later, in 1639. His most famous work is “the City of the Sun” of 1602. In 1612, at the time of the first trial against Galileo, he had wrote an “Apologia pro Galileo” courageously taking the parts of the great genius, considered since that time the true father of science.

Beauty, Sea, Travel and Culture in Calabria